Inhaled Apocynin Decreases Reactive Oxygen Species Concentrations in Exhaled Breath Condensate in Mild Asthmatics
The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of inhaled apocynin on ROS (reactive oxygen species) and NOS (reactive nitrogen species) synthesis in 10 nonsmoking mild asthmatics. Effects of nebulized apocynin (0.5 mg/ml, 6 ml) are assessed in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) after 30, 60 and 120 minutes.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Inhaled Apocynin Decreases Reactive Oxygen Species Concentrations in Exhaled Breath Condensate in Mild Asthmatics|
- blood pressure, peripheral blood differential count, lung functional tests, single breath carbon monoxide diffusing capacity [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- determination of H2O2, NO2- and NO3- concentrations in exhaled breath condensate, determination of NO2 concentration in serum, blood pressure, peripheral blood differential count, lung functional tests, single breath carbon monoxide diffusing capacity [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Ten nonsmoking patients, suffering from mild bronchial asthma participated in the study (mean age 30±9 years, 5 men, 5 women). Asthma was diagnosed based on GINA 2008 criteria. The patients were free of any medication, at least 7 days before, and had not suffered from any infectious diseases including upper respiratory tract infections for at least 3 months prior to the study. Patients who did not meet these criteria were excluded from the study.
Drug: Apocynin nebulization
6 ml of apocynin of total dose 3 mg (0.5 mg/ml dissolved in sterile 0.9% NaCl as the study drug) has been nebulized for 15-20 min through the mouthpiece with using of a nose clip. A nebulizer Pulmo Aide AP-50 (DeVilbiss; Richmond, VA) was used (mass median aerosol diameter 3.1 mm, output 0.3 ml/min.)
The study had a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design, consisted of 2 visits, separated 30 ± 10 days. If during the first visit the drug was used, in the second visit - placebo or vice versa. Before and after procedure, safety measures (arterial blood pressure, heart rate value, and cough scale) were performed. The effect of a possible inhibitor of ROS formation was performed using corticosteroid-naive asthmatic subjects, which are more prone to oxidative stress than healthy non-smoking subjects. The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Medical University of Lodz (no. RNN/12/08/KE) and written consent was obtained from every subject prior to the study.
EBC was collected using a modification of the method described previously by Doniec et al.2005. The subjects breathed spontaneously through a mouthpiece for 20 min. Each subject wore a nose clip during this procedure. Approximately 2 ml of condensate was collected and immediately stored at −80°C until the procedure of H2O2, NO2- and NO3- measurement.
6 ml of apocynin of total dose 3 mg (0.5 mg/ml) has been nebulized through the mouthpiece with using of a nose clip.
The H2O2 concentration in EBC was measured according to the method applied previously by Nowak et al.2001. Determination of NO2- and NO3- with Griess solution was performed by micromethod, carried out in 96-well plates, according to Griess' method, modified the method described by Dziedzic et al.2003.
|Medical University of Lodz|
|Lodz, Lodzkie, Poland, 92-213|
|Principal Investigator:||Rafal Pawliczak, MD, PhD||Medical University of Lodz|