A Double Blind, Placebo Controlled, Parallel-Group Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of 3 Doses of ALX1-11 (50, 75, and 100µg) in the Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 12, 2005|
|Last Updated Date||January 20, 2009|
|Start Date ICMJE||May 1995|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Efficacy was assessed as percent change from baseline in BMD, BMC, and BMA at the lumbar spine, total hip, femoral neck and whole body (excluding the head) using DXA.|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00172107 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Secondary efficacy evaluations were also performed at Month 3, 6, and 12: Percent change from baseline in lumbar spine BMC and BMA; Percent change from baseline in total hip and femoral neck BMD, BMC and BMA|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||A Double Blind, Placebo Controlled, Parallel-Group Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of 3 Doses of ALX1-11 (50, 75, and 100µg) in the Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Double Blind, Placebo Controlled, Parallel-Group Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of 3 Doses of ALX1-11 (50, 75, and 100µg) in the Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis|
A double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study to assess the safety and efficacy of 3 doses of ALX1-11 (recombinant human parathyroid hormone [rhPTH(1-84)])(50, 75 and 100 µg) in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The primary objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of ALX1-11 (50, 75 and 100 µg) with that of placebo in terms of increasing vertebral bone mineral density, when given daily by subcutaneous injection for 12 months in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
Human clinical experience with a synthetic human parathyroid hormone fragment (rhPTH 1-34) and animal studies with ALX1-11 demonstrate consistent increases in bone mineral density. Furthermore, the newly formed bone is normal in structure and composition. Therefore, ALX1-11 (recombinant human parathyroid hormone [rhPTH 1-84]) has the potential to stimulate new bone formation in osteoporotic patients thereby increasing trabecular bone density and preventing fractures. The clinical profile for ALX1-11 can be expected to be unique, since none of the approved therapies for osteoporosis are able to form the quantities of new bone that ALX1-11 is potentially capable of. Patients with bone density below the "fracture threshold" (osteopenia), as well as those with established vertebral fractures (osteoporosis), would be expected to benefit from treatment.
Animal toxicology studies have been completed and there were no results to indicate any restrictions in the clinical usage of the drug. Preliminary human clinical experience with ALX1-11 in healthy, postmenopausal females has demonstrated no apparent risk of frank hypercalcemia* at single administrations up to 5.0 µg/kg or daily administrations for 7 days up to 2.0 µg/kg/day.
Based on these studies, the anticipated therapeutic range of ALX1-11 is 50-100 µg per day (approx. 1.0 - 1.5 µg/kg/day). Therefore, the dose range to be tested in this study will include an anticipated minimally effective dose, interim dose and maximally tolerable dose (50, 75 and 100 µg). The efficacy of 3 doses of ALX1-11 will be assessed in terms of bone mineral density and biochemical markers of bone turnover in postmenopausal women.
The primary objective of this study is to determine the dose-response relationship of ALX1-11 in terms of bone mineral density. The efficacy of the 3 doses of ALX1-11 relative to placebo will be determined by measurement of bone mineral density (by DXA) at baseline and at 3, 6 and 12 months.
Patients will administer a daily subcutaneous injection of 0.5 mL of either 50, 75 or 100 µg of ALX1-11 or placebo every morning for 12 months.
Women will be advised to use the provided calcium supplements (500mg elemental calcium) to maintain a total daily intake of 1000-1500 mg/day and vitamin D supplements will also be provided (400 IU/day). A dietary questionnaire will be done at visit screen, 6 and 15.
If a patient's total serum calcium measurement, during the treatment phase, demonstrates frank hypercalcemia OR if her pre-dose calcium levels are more than 0.5 mg/dL or 0.125 mmol/L above the upper limit of normal (2.78 mmol/L or 11.1 mg/dL), then the patient's serum calcium level must be repeated.
If upon re-test a patient continues to demonstrate frank hypercalcemia OR if her basal pre-dose calcium levels continues to be elevated above the upper limit of normal, then the patient will be withdrawn from the study.
*Frank Hypercalcemia: defined as total serum calcium levels above 11.1 mg/dL or 2.78 mmol/L
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: ALX1-11|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||March 1997|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
(*Chronic or continued use of medication that may affect bone calcium metabolism, e.g. thiazide diuretics, oral or injectable steroids, antimitotics (methotrexate), heparin, anticonvulsants and supplements of Vitamin D in excess of 1,000 IU per day and Vitamin A in excess of 10,000 IU per day)
|Ages||50 Years to 75 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States, Canada|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00172107|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||CL1-11-821|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||NPS Pharmaceuticals|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||NPS Pharmaceuticals|
|Verification Date||September 2005|
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