Pre-, Peri- and Postnatal Programming and Origins of Disease: Early Targeting the Epidemics of Allergy and Overweight (NAMI)
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 11, 2005|
|Last Updated Date||October 3, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||February 1997|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Atopic disease (atopic sensitization at 12 months, atopic eczema at 24 months, atopic eczema and asthma at 4 and 7-8 years of age).|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00167700 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Growth and well-being, nutritional and immunological status in infancy, growth at 4-8 years, intake of foods and nutrients during pregnancy and child's age of 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 months, lipid metabolism and vitamin status. Cardiovascular risk factors|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Pre-, Peri- and Postnatal Programming and Origins of Disease: Early Targeting the Epidemics of Allergy and Overweight|
|Official Title ICMJE||Nutrition, Allergy, Mucosal Immunology and Intestinal Microbiota (NAMI): Pre-, Peri- and Postnatal Programming and Origins of Disease: Early Targeting the Epidemics of Allergy and Overweight|
Combined programme: Nutrition, Allergy, Mucosal immunology and Intestinal microbiota (NAMI) was created with the objective to reverse the rising trend of chronic inflammatory diseases, such as allergic disease and obesity, by control of the internal and external environments of the infant. To approach this problem, the project aims to characterize
While allergic diseases comprise the most common chronic disease in childhood, obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children throughout the world. In Europe, an estimated 20% of children and adolescents are overweight with one-third of these being considered obese. Moreover, escalation of these problems is expected in the future, since the velocity of propagation is highest in children. Although genetic factors can determine the propensity of an individual to become allergic or obese, these unlikely explain the recent and progressive worldwide increases in incidence. Rather, it would appear that the environmental changes more directly shape the risk during a critical period of life when the scene is set for the consolidation of the immune responder type. Prenatal environmental exposures may alter gene expression via epigenetic mechanisms, heritable changes in gene expression occurring without alterations in the DNA sequences.
Specifically current research interest is directed towards health promotion and reducing the risk of disease evaluating the probiotic effects with specific foods and nutrients, and assessing their interactions in optimal combination and food matrix. For this purpose a series of interventions studies evaluate the both the optimal timing of probiotic intervention and the optimal mode of administration.
RCT 2 Randomized, parallel-design clinical trial of 3 groups. Pregnant women (n=256) from families with at least one member having an allergic disease have been recruited from maternal welfare clinics and randomly assigned to control group or one of the intervention groups. Mothers in the dietary intervention groups received dietary counselling with specific attention to the quality and quantity of fat in the diet. To promote the achievement of current dietary recommendations, mothers have been provided with foods which have a favourable fat composition (e.g. spreads). The subjects in the intervention groups have been further randomized (double-blind randomization) to receive either placebo or a probiotic preparation, 1010 cfu of both Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Bifidobacterium lactis and controls received placebo in a single-blind manner. Dietary food products and probiotic supplementation have been continued from the 1st trimester of pregnancy until the end of exclusive breast feeding, maximum of 6 months.
RCT 1 Randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 2 groups. Pregnant women (n=159) have been randomized into one of the study groups 2-4 weeks before term to receive placebo (microcrystalline cellulose) or probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (ATCC 53103; 1010 cfu). After delivery probiotics/ placebo were administered orally to the infants for 6 months. General information to prevent allergy has been given in written form to all: to breast-feed for at least 4-6 months; to begin solid foods at 4-6 months; no smoking by caretakers.
RCT 3 Randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 3 groups. Pregnant women (n=241) with a history of atopic diseases have been assigned to one of the treatment groups: to receive for 2 months before delivery and for 2 months thereafter, when they are breast-feeding, either placebo or Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium longum or Lactobacillus paracasei and Bifidobacterium longum.
RCT 4 Randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 3 groups. Neonates (n=94) fulfilling the following criteria: gestational age at birth between 32nd and 36th weeks, weight over 1500 g and no congenital defects of gastrointestinal system or other defects that prevent enteral nutrition, have been randomized to receive either placebo (microcrystalline cellulose) or a probiotic preparation (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, ATCC 53103) or a prebiotic preparation (a mixture of Polydextrose and Galacto-oligosaccharideOS in a 1:1 ratio). The treatment continues for 2 months.
RCT 5 Randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 2 groups. 2-6 weeks old formula- and breast-fed colic infants (n=30), who cry without medical cause for 3h/d, for 3days/week, have been randomized to receive either placebo (microcrystalline cellulose) or a probiotic preparation (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, ATCC 53103) for 4 weeks. Formula-fed infants receive extensively hydrolysed formula and mothers of breast-fed infants avoid cow's milk in their diet.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Study Arm (s)||
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||800|
|Estimated Completion Date||December 2015|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Finland|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00167700|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||15214|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||University of Turku|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Academy of Finland|
|Information Provided By||University of Turku|
|Verification Date||September 2012|
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