The Role of Gene Changes in Brain Tumor Formation and Growth
|First Received Date ICMJE||April 16, 2003|
|Last Updated Date||March 3, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||April 2003|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00059020 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||The Role of Gene Changes in Brain Tumor Formation and Growth|
|Official Title ICMJE||EGF Polymorphisms and Gliomagenesis|
This study will examine tissue from gliomas (a type of brain tumor) removed during surgery for gene mutations, or changes, thought to be involved in tumor formation and growth. One common gene mutation causes the receptor for a protein called epidermal growth factor (EGF) to be in an active state all of the time, allowing uncontrolled cell growth that can lead to tumor formation. This study will analyze blood and tumor tissue samples from patients with gliomas for:
The study will also determine if production of EGF and EGFR obtained from glioma and from blood cells derived from the tumor can be altered in the laboratory to grow indefinitely in culture.
Patients between 18 and 75 years of age with a brain tumor that requires surgical treatment may be eligible for this study.
Participants will be admitted to the NIH Clinical Center for about 3 to 10 days. They will have a physical and neurological examination, blood and urine tests, other tests, if medically necessary, and will be evaluated and prepared for surgery. During surgery, as much of the tumor as possible will be removed. A small amount of the tumor tissue will be collected for this study. No tissue will be removed for this study that would not otherwise have been removed. Some of the tissue will be used to culture glioma cells and the rest will be frozen and stored for examination, as described above. If any normal-appearing brain tissue is removed during surgery in order to enhance safety in removing the tumor, the normal tissue will be studied as well. Brain tissue that appears normal will not be removed strictly for research.
During surgery and the day after surgery, a blood sample will be drawn from a catheter (plastic tube) that was placed in an artery or vein for surgery. If catheters are no longer in place, blood will be drawn through a needle in a vein.
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) is an important biological mediator of normal growth and repair and is critical to epithelial tissue development and maturation of the central nervous system, among other functions. EGF is a natural focus of interest in cancer research because of its influence over mitogenesis, proliferation, and tumorigenesis. In addition, unregulated expression of its receptor, EGFR, has been identified as a common event in neoplastic transformation. In patients with the most malignant primary tumor of the brain, the glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), alterations in the EGFR or in its expression levels have been identified in approximately 50% of patients. We postulate that EGF-EGFR interactions may be important for the development, progression, and prognosis of human gliomas and that alterations of the EGF gene may predict the potential for glioma progression and the severity of disease.
Patients suspected of having, or with prior biopsy proof of, a WHO grade II-IV central nervous system (CNS) glial tumor(s) seen in the Surgical Neurology Branch, NINDS, will be considered for entry into this study. Tissue samples of tumor resected as part of standard care will be collected at surgery and preserved for research. Blood samples will also be collected. Blood will also be collected from anonymous normal volunteers who donate blood at the NIH Blood Bank; these anonymous donors will serve as controls.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||November 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Radiographic evidence of a primary glial neoplasm of the CNS (WHO grade II-IV) or any patient with known primary neoplasms of the CNS.
Medically indicated diagnostic and/or therapeutic tumor resection.
Informed consent from patient, age 18 or older to 75 years of age.
Females of child-bearing capacity: Pregnant women will be entered into the study for tumor collection, but blood will not be drawn at the time of surgery. Six weeks or more after the completion of pregnancy, these women will be contacted and 10cc (2 tsp) of blood will be collected for genotyping.
No racial or ethnic group or gender is excluded.
Inability to provide informed consent prior to surgery.
Medical conditions that cannot be corrected prior to surgery that would be standard contraindications for neurosurgery.
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00059020|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||030160, 03-N-0160|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||November 2004|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP