High Frequency Ventilation in Premature Infants (HIFI)
|First Received Date ICMJE||October 27, 1999|
|Last Updated Date||December 21, 2005|
|Start Date ICMJE||August 1984|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000567 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||High Frequency Ventilation in Premature Infants (HIFI)|
|Official Title ICMJE||Not Provided|
To compare the efficacy and safety of high frequency ventilation (HFV) with that of standard, mechanical ventilation in premature infants of less than 2000 grams.
In the early 1980s, there was increasing concern that the dramatic improvement in the survival of immature infants had been accompanied by an increase in incidence of pulmonary complications, some seriously crippling and eventually fatal. Both barotrauma and oxygen toxicity had been considered in the pathogenesis of these disorders; circulatory disorders as a result of failure of closure of the ductus arteriosus or fluid overload had also been proposed as contributory factors. Reports of successful application of the principles of high frequency ventilation (HFV) in the treatment of infants with RDS and particularly those with severe interstitial emphysema raised hopes that this technique might prevent barotrauma to the lungs and stimulated physicians and engineers to develop new equipment useful in ventilating small infants.
Although HFV had not been evaluated either with regard to efficacy or safety and although results of fundamental studies had not provided a good understanding of how gas exchange occurred during HFV, there was considerable interest in introducing this type of ventilatory support in neonatal intensive care. HFV involves the use of small tidal volumes, delivered at respiratory frequencies ranging from 1 to 40 Hz with the aid of, for example, a piston pump or a high speed jet of gas. Compared to conventional mechanical ventilation, HFV offers several potential advantages, including reduced intrapulmonary pressure swings and fluctuation in alveolar pressures and the possibility of lowered levels of inspired oxygen. At that time, theories suggested that HFV produced a pattern of flow that enhanced gas mixing and 'homogenized' the distribution of ventilation. Experimental observations in adult animals (cats, dogs and rabbits) or healthy newborn lambs had shown HFV to be effective in promoting gas exchange without apparent adverse effects. Studies in prematurely delivered subhuman primates, that develop RDS and subsequently bronchopulmonary dysplasia indistinguishable from that of human infants, supported the notion the HFV could provide better oxygenation and lower C02 levels than conventional mechanical ventilation at similar mean airway pressure. The HIFI trial provided badly needed controlled data on the safety and efficacy of HFV in premature infants.
Phase I, the Planning Phase, was initiated in August 1984. Recruitment and intervention began in February 1986 and ended in March 1987. Follow-up studies continued thru September 1988.
Subjects were randomized to either standard mechanical ventilation or high frequency ventilation. The principal endpoint was the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia defined as: the need for supplemental oxygen on the 28th postnatal day and for more than 21 of the first 28 days after birth; and abnormal chest radiographic findings that persisted until the 28th day of age. Other endpoints included the need for ventilatory support, the incidence of crossover from one form of ventilatory support to the other, and mortality rate before the 28th day of postnatal age. Adverse effects considered were pulmonary air leaks, severe intracranial hemorrhage, and periventricular leukomalacia.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 3|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Intervention ICMJE||Procedure: high-frequency ventilation|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Enrollment ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Boy and girl infants weighing less than 2000 g. who required mechanical ventilation within 24 hours of birth and had been treated for less than 12 hours with conventional mechanical ventilation before randomization.
|Ages||up to 1 Year|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Not Provided|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00000567|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||205|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|
|Information Provided By||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|Verification Date||December 2005|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP