Xerostomia Acupuncture Trial

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified April 2014 by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01266044
First received: December 22, 2010
Last updated: April 9, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if acupuncture can help to prevent xerostomia (dry mouth) and improve the quality of life in patients who receive radiation treatment to the head and neck. This study will determine if one acupuncture treatment approach is more effective than another. Dry mouth is a common problem among cancer patients who have received radiation treatment to the head and neck.


Condition Intervention Phase
Head And Neck Cancer
Procedure: Acupuncture - Group 1
Procedure: Acupuncture - Group 2
Other: Standard Care
Other: Questionnaire
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Controlled Trial Of Acupuncture To Prevent Radiation-Induced Xerostomia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Self-Reported Xerostomia Symptoms Using the Xerostomia Questionnaire (XQ) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Xerostomia Questionnaire (XQ), an 8-item questionnaire where subjects rate each symptom on an 11-point ordinal Likert scale from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating greater dryness or discomfort due to dryness.


Estimated Enrollment: 187
Study Start Date: December 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Acupuncture - Group 1
Acupuncture at 14 points. The needles will remain in place for 20 minutes with each treatment. Questionnaires - Baseline assessments will be completed within 7 days prior to starting radiotherapy, and patients will then complete the same assessments again at week 4 and 7 of radiotherapy and 3, 6, and 12 months after the end of radiotherapy.
Procedure: Acupuncture - Group 1
Acupuncture at 14 points. The needles will remain in place for 20 minutes with each treatment.
Other: Standard Care
Standard oral care recommendations. Participants in all groups will receive the same recommendations.
Other: Questionnaire
Baseline assessments will be completed within 7 days prior to starting radiotherapy, and patients will then complete the same assessments again at week 4 and 7 of radiotherapy and 3, 6, and 12 months after the end of radiotherapy.
Active Comparator: Acupuncture - Group 2
Acupuncture needles placed at different points from Group 1. The needles will remain in place for 20 minutes with each treatment. Questionnaires - Baseline assessments will be completed within 7 days prior to starting radiotherapy, and patients will then complete the same assessments again at week 4 and 7 of radiotherapy and 3, 6, and 12 months after the end of radiotherapy.
Procedure: Acupuncture - Group 2
Acupuncture needles placed at different points from Group 1. The needles will remain in place for 20 minutes with each treatment.
Other: Standard Care
Standard oral care recommendations. Participants in all groups will receive the same recommendations.
Other: Questionnaire
Baseline assessments will be completed within 7 days prior to starting radiotherapy, and patients will then complete the same assessments again at week 4 and 7 of radiotherapy and 3, 6, and 12 months after the end of radiotherapy.
Standard Care
Standard oral care recommendations. Participants in all groups will receive the same recommendations. Questionnaires - Baseline assessments will be completed within 7 days prior to starting radiotherapy, and patients will then complete the same assessments again at week 4 and 7 of radiotherapy and 3, 6, and 12 months after the end of radiotherapy.
Other: Standard Care
Standard oral care recommendations. Participants in all groups will receive the same recommendations.
Other: Questionnaire
Baseline assessments will be completed within 7 days prior to starting radiotherapy, and patients will then complete the same assessments again at week 4 and 7 of radiotherapy and 3, 6, and 12 months after the end of radiotherapy.

Detailed Description:

Acupuncture is a technique that may treat symptoms by inserting very thin, solid, sterile, stainless steel needles into the skin at specific points.

Study Groups:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the roll of a dice) into 1 of 3 groups.

Group 1 will receive acupuncture during the radiation treatment period.

Group 2 will receive acupuncture at different points on the body than those in Group 1 during the radiation treatment period.

You will not know if you are assigned to Group 1 or 2.

Group 3 will receive standard care without any kind of acupuncture during the radiation treatment period.

Study Visits:

If you are in Group 1 and 2, you will receive up to 21 acupuncture treatments with no more than 3 treatments per week during your regularly scheduled radiotherapy visits. It will take about 20 minutes to complete the acupuncture session each time.

No matter which group you are assigned to, you will complete the following at the middle and end of radiotherapy treatment, and again 2-4, 5-9, 10-15 months after radiotherapy treatment is complete:

  • Your vital signs will be recorded.
  • You will be asked about any drugs you are taking.
  • You will complete 9 questionnaires about your dry mouth, quality of life, and mood. It should take about 30 minutes in total to complete the questionnaires. If you are not able to complete the questionnaires during your regularly scheduled visits, you will be able to take the questionnaires home to complete them and will be given a postage-paid return envelope to mail them back to the study doctor.
  • A saliva sample will be collected to measure the quality and amount of saliva produced during radiotherapy.
  • You will complete a form about your oral hygiene that should take about 5 minutes to complete.

Length of Study:

You will remain on study for up to 17 months.

This is an investigational study.

Up to 375 patients will take part in this multicenter study. Up to 187 will be enrolled at MD Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 18 years of age and be able to give informed consent.
  2. Diagnosed with head and neck cancer, which will be primarily oropharyngeal, and scheduled to undergo IMRT with or without concurrent chemotherapy at M. D. Anderson.
  3. Treatment plan that includes external beam radiation at a mean dose of at least 24 Gy or more to one of the parotid glands (the other gland can receive less than 24 Gy).
  4. Anatomically intact parotid and submandibular glands.
  5. Karnofsky performance status > 60.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of xerostomia prior to head and neck radiation therapy or history of Sjögren's disease or another underlying systemic illness known to cause xerostomia.
  2. Prior head and neck radiation treatment.
  3. Suspected or confirmed physical closure of salivary gland ducts on either side.
  4. Known bleeding disorders or taking any dose of warfarin or heparin.
  5. Upper or lower extremity deformities that could interfere with accurate acupoint location or alter the energy pathway as defined by traditional acupuncture theory.
  6. Local skin infections at or near the acupuncture sites or active systemic infection.
  7. History of cerebrovascular accident or spinal cord injury since the mechanism of acupuncture may be associated with central nervous system activity.
  8. Mental incapacitation or significant emotional or psychiatric disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, precludes study entry as these patients may not be able to cooperate with this slightly invasive procedure or with the data collection process.
  9. Current acknowledged use of any illicit drugs or evidence of alcohol abuse as defined by The American Psychiatric Association criteria.
  10. Current acknowledged use of amifostine, cholinergic agonist medications (pilocarpine, cevimeline), certain beta adrenergic antagonists, anticholinergic agents, or any saliva substitute or other medication/herbal preparation known to affect salivary function (see Appendix F).
  11. Patients who are currently receiving acupuncture for any condition or if they have ever had acupuncture before.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01266044

Contacts
Contact: Donna S. Capps, MA 713-792-1854 dscapps@mdanderson.org

Locations
United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Principal Investigator: Lorenzo Cohen, PHD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lorenzo Cohen, PHD UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01266044     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2010-0584, NCI-2011-00306, R01CA148707-01A1
Study First Received: December 22, 2010
Last Updated: April 9, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Radiation-induced xerostomia
Acupuncture
Oropharyngeal cancer
Radiation Therapy
IMRT
Dry mouth

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Xerostomia
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Salivary Gland Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014