Effects of CPAP on Ventricular Function Modifications
To assess modifications of ventricular function induced by CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Evaluation of the Effects of Intra-thoracic Positive Pressure Applicated With CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) on Ventricular Function in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure: Modification Induced on Baroreflex Sensitivity|
- Evaluation of modification of ventricular function and baroreflex sensitivity of heart rate after CPAP administration
|Study Start Date:||May 2006|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
There are still few studies on the effects of positive intra-thoracic pressure on ventricular function and spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity changes. Aim of the study is to evaluate, in patients with chronic heart failure with an ejection fraction < 40%, the modifications of ventricular function induced by CPAP (Continuos Positive Airway Pressure) application. All the measurament will be made in basal condition (without CPAP) and with CPAP administration at 10 cmH2O via an oro-nasal mask.
Echocardiograpich evaluation: morphologic and hemodynamic evaluation is obtained with an echocardiographic exmination. Left ventricular measurement will be assessed in M-mode, under two dimensional guide) according to American Society of Echocardiography guidelines. Left ventricular ejection fraction will be assessed with Simpson method.
Right ventricle morphology will be evaluated categorizing dimensions in a) normal, b) mild enlargement, c) severely increased and d) reduced. Right ventricle area will also be quantified in tele-diastole and in meso-sistole in apical 4 chamber and parasternal short-axis.
Baroreflex control of heart rate was assessed by "sequence method" analysis of continuous blood pressure recordings obtained in basal condition and during CPAP. Data obtained by non invasive assessment of arterial pressure will be analized and values of arterial systolic, diastolic pressure and pulsatory period for each cardiac cicle will be registered.
Assessment via "sequence method" is founded on identification, every 10 minutes, on sequences characterized by a progressive increase both in pressure both in RR interval or, conversely, by a progressive reduction of pressure and RR interval evaluated on 4 or more cardiac cicles.
|Ospedale San Giovanni Bosco Medicina d'Urgenza|
|Torino, Piedmont, Italy, 10154|
|Study Director:||Federico Olliveri, MD||ospedale San Giovanni Bosco ASL4|
|Study Director:||Federico Olliveri, MD||Ospedale San Giovanni Bosco ASL4|