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Age-related Macular Degeneration: Detection of Onset of New Choroidal Neovascularization (AMD DOC Study)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Johns Hopkins University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00417846
First received: January 3, 2007
Last updated: October 2, 2009
Last verified: October 2009
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the sensitivity of the optical coherence tomography (OCT) test in detecting neovascular AMD in eyes at high risk for CNV development. In order to test this hypothesis, we are conducting a multi-center clinical study at four participating clinical centers. A total of 227 participants will be enrolled. Participants will be followed-up for a period of two years, or until CNV develops in the study eye for which treatment is recommended, to determine the occurrence of CNV. The fundamental design principles of the study are simplicity and parsimony.


Condition
Maculopathy, Age-Related
Choroidal Neovascularization

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Age-related Macular Degeneration: Detection of Onset of New Choroidal Neovascularization (AMD DOC Study)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johns Hopkins University:

Enrollment: 98
Study Start Date: January 2007
Study Completion Date: August 2009
Primary Completion Date: August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Primary Objective:

The purpose of this study is to determine the sensitivity of the OCT in detecting conversion to neovascular AMD by two years in eyes at high risk for CNV, with FA serving as the gold standard.

Secondary Objectives:

  • To determine the specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the OCT in detecting conversion to neovascular AMD by two years in eyes at high risk for CNV, with FA serving as the gold standard.
  • To compare the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the OCT to the PHP or the supervised Amsler Grid in subjects who had either negative PHP and/or negative supervised Amsler grid at baseline for detection of neovascular AMD by two years in eyes at high risk for CNV
  • To describe features of false positives and false negatives with respect to baseline characteristics seen on PHP testing, supervised Amsler grid testing, and OCT imaging
  • To describe the relationship between new visual symptoms experienced by participants prompting an interim evaluation where treatment for CNV was recommended and findings seen at the previous study visit (PHP testing, supervised Amsler grid testing, OCT imaging, other findings on exam, or fluorescein angiography) as well as findings from the baseline visit
  • To determine the physician's detection of CNV development on return study visits including slit lamp biomicroscopy before viewing ancillary tests from that visit (supervised Amsler grid, PHP, OCT, fundus photographs, fluorescein angiogram)

All participants will be examined upon enrollment and then followed every three months after enrollment for two years or until conversion to CNV is positive and treatment is recommended. Specifically, follow-up visits will occur at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, and 24 months from the date of the Initial Visit.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Participants will have neovascular AMD in the fellow eye and non-neovascular AMD in the candidate study eye to be eligible for this study. Additional inclusion and exclusion criteria are listed below.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to provide written informed consent and comply with study assessments for the full duration of the study
  • Age 50 years or greater
  • Best corrected visual acuity letter score = 65 or greater (approximate Snellen equivalent of 20/50 or better in the candidate study eye)
  • Neovascular AMD in the fellow eye and no CNV in the candidate study eye (absence of CNV confirmed by FA which will be graded in a masked fashion by the AMD DOC Study Reading Center)
  • Candidate study eye must have evidence of at least one large druse (≥ 125µm) and focal hyperpigmentation within 3600μm of the fovea and visible on color fundus photography, red-free photograph, or fluorescein angiography
  • Participant must have media clear enough in the candidate study eye to permit fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography and absence of any fluorescein allergies
  • Results of the baseline PHP and supervised Amsler grid will not affect eligibility of the participant. Subjects can be eligible for further follow-up even if they have positive PHP and Amsler grid
  • Eligible participants who have a positive PHP or supervised Amsler grid for that eye at the initial screening visit should have a second PHP or supervised Amsler grid screening visit within 2 weeks in order to repeat the PHP or Amsler test or the participant may repeat the PHP or Amsler grid that day before pupillary dilation. Participants with a 2nd positive PHP or supervised Amsler grid are still eligible for further follow-up
  • All tests (supervised Amsler grid, PHP, OCT, FA) must be performed within 2 weeks of each other
  • Participants with non-foveal geographic atrophy in the candidate study eye are still eligible for enrollment in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known allergy to fluorescein angiography or allergic reaction during screening
  • Advanced AMD with CNV in both eyes confirmed on FA graded by the AMD DOC Study Reading Center
  • Foveal geographic atrophy in the study eye
  • Positive OCT test for the candidate study eye, as read by the AMD DOC Study Reading Center, for subretinal fluid, intraretinal edema, or retinal thickening that falls within the top 1% of the normative data base for the Stratus OCT
  • Significant media opacity that precludes reasonable quality retinal imaging including color fundus photographs, fluorescein angiography, or OCT in the candidate study eye to assess the presence of CNV
  • Evidence of macular disease (e.g., pattern dystrophy, diabetic macular edema, vitreomacular traction) other than AMD in the study eye
  • Previous surgical or laser treatment to the macula of the study eye
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00417846

Locations
United States, California
Retina Vitreous Associates
Beverly Hills, California, United States, 90211
United States, Maryland
The Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Ophthalmic Consultants of Boston
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
United States, Ohio
Retina Associates of Cleveland
Beachwood, Ohio, United States, 44122
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins University
Investigators
Study Chair: Diana V. Do, M.D. Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes
Study Director: Neil M. Bressler, M.D. Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Emily W. Gower, PhD, Johns Hopkins University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00417846     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NA_00006147
Study First Received: January 3, 2007
Last Updated: October 2, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Johns Hopkins University:
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Optical Coherence Tomography, OCT
Preferential Hyperacuity Perimeter, PHP
Amsler Grid

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Choroidal Neovascularization
Macular Degeneration
Neovascularization, Pathologic
Choroid Diseases
Eye Diseases
Metaplasia
Pathologic Processes
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Uveal Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014