Effectiveness of Buspirone and Motivational Enhancement Therapy for the Treatment of Marijuana Dependence - 1
This study will assess the effectiveness of a combination of buspirone and motivational interviewing therapy in the treatment of marijuana dependence.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Career Training in Marijuana Dependence|
- Drug use; measured at Weeks 12 and 16
- Anxiety; measured at Week 12
- Craving; measured at Week 12
- Withdrawal symptoms; measured at Week 12
|Study Start Date:||April 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2007|
Marijuana dependence is one of the most common substance-related disorders in the United States. Despite its prevalence, there is a lack of clinical research addressing treatments for marijuana dependence. Research has shown that marijuana abuse is associated with affective disorders. This may be caused by repeated use for relief from anxiety. The use of an anxiolytic agent, a drug that relieves anxiety, may help treat marijuana dependence. Motivational enhancement therapy has been shown to reduce marijuana use. Therefore, it is likely that buspirone, which is an anxiolytic agent, combined with motivational enhancement therapy will prove beneficial in treating marijuana dependence. This study will assess the effectiveness of a combination of buspirone and motivational interviewing in the treatment of marijuana dependence.
This double-blind study will last a total of 16 weeks. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either buspirone or placebo for a period of 12 weeks. There will be one follow-up appointment 4 weeks post-intervention. Baseline assessments will include a physical exam and urine and blood tests. Study visits will occur weekly throughout treatment in order to monitor compliance, assess adverse affects, and obtain substance use data. Mood assessment scales, marijuana craving questionnaires, and a withdrawal symptom checklist will be used to gather the data. Urine drug screens will be collected weekly to test for marijuana use. In addition to this, the presence of opioids, cocaine, amphetamines, and benzodiazepines will be tested at baseline, Weeks 6 and 12, and at follow-up. A 10-day supply of medication will be dispensed to participants each week. Meetings for motivational enhancement therapy will last 30 to 90 minutes each and will occur at baseline, Week 2, and Week 4. Participants' perceived quality of life will be measured at baseline and Weeks 6 and 12 to determine the effect of buspirone.
|United States, South Carolina|
|Medical University of South Carolina|
|Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425|
|Principal Investigator:||Aimee Mcrae, Pharm.D.||Medical University of South Carolina|